Ten Common Birds Of The GTA

DeRango Productions

References (MLA)

All references are sorted by page, and are in order of appearance. They are all in the MLA format.
Photos and media are cited first (Non print), and Books and Publications are cited last (Print)

Home:
•    Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York:   Harper and Row, 1981. 112-194. Print.
•    Berger, A.j. Bird Study. New York: Dover Publications, 1955. 22-26. Reprint.
•    Liam Gallagher. Oasis - Songbird. Britain: Big Brother, 2003

About Me:
•    "Dom the Nature Freak." DeRango, Domenic. Personal photo. 11 July 2009.
•    "Toronto Kyline." DeRango, Domenic. Personal photo. 18 July 2009.
•    "Huge Swan." DeRango, Domenic. Personal photo. 18 July 2009.
•    "Ducks 1." Derango, Domenic. Personal photo. 18 July 2009.
•    "Ducks 2." Derango, Domenic. Personal photo. 18 July 2009.
•    "Tilly the Golden Eagle." Lloyd & Rose Buck Bird Specialists. Web. 16 Nov 2009. <http://www.lloydbuck.co.uk/david_attenborough.php>.
•    "Amazing! Bird sounds from the lyre bird - David Attenborough - BBC wildlife." Youtube. Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjE0Kdfos4Y>.  
•    "Frostie Dancing to shake your Tailfeather." Youtube. Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0bt9xBuGWgw>.

Conservation:

♦"Cedar Waxwing. Birdzilla. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/images/deciduous/cedar_waxwing_5676.jpg.
♦"Blue Jay. Learning Every Day. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://learningeveryday.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/blue-jay.jpg>.
♦"American Robin. Mayo. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://mayo.personcounty.net/Bird%20Folder/Songbirds/American%20Robin.jpg>.
♦"Northern Cardinal. Animal Review. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://animalreview.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/northerncardinalmale070106-5.jpg>.
♦"Black Capped Chickadee. Gator Farm. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://www.gatorfarm.com/Black-cappedChickadee.jpg>.
♦"White Breasted Nuthatch. Mentor Lagoons. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://www.mentorlagoons.org/white%20breasted%20nuthatch.jpg>.
♦"Red Headed Woodpecker. Wunderworld. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://www.wunderground.com/data/wximagenew/d/digidiva/118.jpg>.
♦"Chipping Sparrow. Midco. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://pie.midco.net/dougback/miscphotos/chipping_sparrow2x.jpg>.
♦"Northern Mockingbird. Farm 1. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://farm1.static.flickr.com/250/461011647_e9dbbc1649.jpg>.
♦"Common Grackle. Rolling Traveler. Web. 29 Nov 2009. <http://rollingtraveler.today.com/files/2008/11/common_grackle.jpg>.


1. Cedar Waxwing
    "Cedar Waxwing." The Great Backyard Bird Count. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.birdsource.org/gbbc/gallery/2006-photo-contest-runners-up/1063-2064-3o6yk1piz9.jpg/view>.
    "Cedar Waxwing." All About Birds. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.wildlife-photography.uk.com/blog/?p=384>.
   "Bohemian Waxwing." Bird Forum. Web. 10 Nov 2009. <http://www.birdforum.net/opus/Bohemian_Waxwing>.
   "Cedar Waxwing Range." All About Birds. Web. 10 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/bomb_cedr_AllAm_map.gif>.
   "Dad with a Cedar Waxwing." DeRango, Domenic. Personal photo. 07 June 2009.
   "Cedar Waxwings." Youtube. Web. 8 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5pQkB7k_7Do>.
   Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York: Harper and Row, 36. 160-161. Print.
    Gustave, Yaki . "Talk About Wildlife." Cedar Waxwing. Shawn Mcrae, Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://talkaboutwildlife.ca/profile/?s=253>.

2. Blue Jay

    "Blue Jay Glamour." All About Birds. Web. 11 Noc 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/blue_jay_glamour.jpg>.
   "Blue Jay." Birds Art. Web. 9 Nov 2009. <http://www.bio.davidson.edu/people/vecase/Behavior/Spring2007/Morgan/assets/blue%20jay%20homepage.jpg>.
   "Gray Jay." Tropical Audubon Society. Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://www.tropicalaudubon.org/Rockies08/GrayJay01.html>.
   "Stellar Jay." Hart Park. Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://hartpark.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/stellarjay.jpg>.
   "Scrub Jay." Birds By Barn Off. Web. 14 Nov 2009. <http://birdsbybaranoff.com/images/2887-scrub-jay.jpg>.
    "Blue Jay Range Map." All About Birds. Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/cyan_cris1_AllAm_map.gif>.
   "Toronto Blue Jays Classic Logo." Sports Logos. Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://www.sportslogos.net/images/logos/53/78/full/w0rjnhqvybgipw00gyt5hrgaa.gif>.
   "Youtube." Blue Jay HD Mini Documentary. Web. 13Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GXbJpi3EIoY>.
   "Wikipedia." Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Jay>.
   Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York: Harper and Row, 1981. 112-194. Print.

3. American Robin

♦"American Robin." American Bubble. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://images-3.redbubble.net/img/art/size:large/view:main/1598277-1-american-robin.jpg>.
♦"Robin Feeding." Beach Watchers . Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.beachwatchers.wsu.edu/island/essays/images/robenfeeding3_000.jpg>.
♦"Spotted Towhee." Coyotes Call. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://coyotescall.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/spotted_towhee.jpg>.
♦"Spotted Towhee." Outdoor Alabama. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.dcnr.state.al.us/watchable-wildlife/images/eastern%20towhee.jpg>.
♦"American Robin Range." All About Birds. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/turd_migr_AllAm_map.gif>.
♦"Batman And Robin." Top 2 Of Everything. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://top2.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/batman1.jpg>.
♦"Fly Robin Fly." YouTube. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pjLyvO2TgQ>.
♦Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York: Harper and Row, 36, 152 - 153. Print.

4. Northern Cardinal

♦"Northern Cardinal." Song Bird Garden. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.songbirdgarden.com/store/prodimages/NorthernCardinal.jpg>.
♦"Northern Cardinal Male Large." Voyd And Off. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.voydanoff.net/albums/crane-creek-birds/Northern_Cardinal2.jpg>.
♦"Pyrrhuloxia Male" Bna Birds. Web. 10 Nov 2009. <http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/391/galleries/photos/GV_Pyrrhuloxia-_male/image_column>.
♦"Scarlet Tanager." Own By Photography. Web. 10 Nov 2009. <http://www.ownbyphotography.com/Scarlet-Tanager.jpg>.
♦"Northern Cardinal Range Map." All About Birds. Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/card_card_AllAm_map_1_1_1.gif>.
♦"Toronto Blue Jays." Throwbackguy. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.throwbackguy.com/images/toronto%20logo.png>.  
♦"St Lois Cardinals." Veteran Presence. Web. 14 Nov 2009. <http://www.veteranpresence.com/2007MLB/Cards.gif>.
♦"Baltimore Orioles." Veteran Presence. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://youcanplaygolf.com/images/baltimore-orioles-crest.jpg>.  
♦"Northern Cardinal Mini HD Documentary." Knott, James. Youtube. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IjXevlSfL8>.
♦"Wikipedia Northern Cardinal." Wikipedia. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Cardinal>.  
♦Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York: Harper and Row, 1981. 42, 193-194. Print.

5. Black Capped Chickadee

♦"Black Capped Chickadee." City Noise. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://citynoise.org/upload/33805.jpg>.
♦"Black Capped Chickadee2." Fish And Game. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/IFWIS/ibt/userfiles/image/photos/800/black-capped-chickadee-tom-munson.jpg>.  
♦"Carolina Chickadee." Birds Art. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.birdsasart.com/carolina-Chickadee-VERT-_H2D8752-McLeansville,-NC.jpg>.
♦"Mountain Chickadee." Tringa. Web. 7 Dec 2009. <http://www.tringa.org/bird_pictures/8049_Mountain_Chickadee_03-07-2008_8.jpg>.
♦"Boreal Chickadee." Tr Michels. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.trmichels.com/BorealChickadee.jpg>.
♦"Northern Mockingbird Range." All About Birds. Web. Nov 11 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/mimu_poly_AllAm_map.gif>.
♦"Black Capped Chickadee Mini HD Documentary ." Knott, James, Youtube. Web. 10 Nov 2009. <hhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mvJagVJxLtw>.
♦"Black Capped Chickadee." Wikipedia. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Capped_Chickadee>.  
♦"Bird Jam Black Capped Chickadee." Bird Jam. Web. 14 Nov 2009. <http://www.birdjam.com/birdsong.php?id=12>.
♦Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York: Harper and Row, 1981. 34, 143-.144 Print.

6. White Breasted Nuthatch

♦"White Breasted Nuthatch." Content Cornell. Web. 22 Nov 2009. <http://content.ornith.cornell.edu/UEWebApp/images/pub_white_breasted_nuthatch.jpg>.
♦"White Breasted Nuthatch_2." Birds Of Your Yard. Web. 22 Nov 2009. <http://presidentavenue.com/yardbirds/white-breasted_nuthatch.jpg>.
♦"Red Breasted Nuthatch. Web. 22 Nov 2009. <http://www.wildbirdhabitatstore.com/images/uploads/Red_Breasted_Nuthatch_2.jpg>.
♦"Brown Creeper." Bird Friends. Web. 22 Nov 2009. <http://www.bird-friends.com/pics/BrownCreeper/BrownCreeper0LR.jpg>.
♦"Professor Gavan Watson." Moodle ENVS 1010. Web. 28 Nov 2009. <https://moodle09.yorku.ca/moodle/user/pix.php/4459/f1.jpg>.
♦"White Breasted Nuthatch Range." All About Birds. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/sitt_caro_AllAm_map.gif>.  
♦"White Breasted Nuthatch." YouTube. Web. 28 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JBkLx80sybw>.
♦"Northern Cardinal Mini HD Documentary." Knott, James. Youtube. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IjXevlSfL8>.
♦"White Breasted Nuthatch" All About Birds. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/White-breasted_Nuthatch/lifehistory>.  
♦Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York: Harper and Row, 1981. 34, 146-147. Print.

7. Red Headed Woodpecker

♦"Red Headed Woodpecker. Birdzilla. Web. 24 Nov 2009. <http://www.birdzilla.com/images/stories/glenn/v-red-headed-woodpecker.jpg>.
♦"Red Headed Woodpecker_2." WildLife Photography. Web. 23 Nov 2009. <http://www.wildlife-photography.uk.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/redheaded-woodpeckerimg_7273.jpg>.
♦"Red Bellied Woodpecker." 1000 Birds. Web. 22 Nov 2009. <http://www.1000birds.com/images/Red-bellied-Woodpecker60264.jpg>.
♦"Woody The Woodpecker." Kids n Fun. Web. 10 Nov 2009. <http://www.kids-n-fun.com/Images/Kleuren/90.jpg>.
♦"Red Headed Woodpecker Range Map." All About Birds. Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/mela_eryt_AllAm_map.gif>.
♦"USA 2 Cent Stamp." Arago. Web. 14 Nov 2009. <http://www.arago.si.edu/media/000/002/016/2016_th.jpg>.  
♦"Red Headed Woodpecker up close." YouTube. Web. 14 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vKH5_wf9KHo>.
♦"Wikipedia red Headed Woodpecker." Wikipedia. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Headed_Woodpecker>.  
♦Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York: Harper and Row, 1981. 40, 183 184. Print.

8. Chipping Sparrow

♦"Chipping Sparrow." FSquares. Web. 26 Nov 2009. <http://www.fsquares.com/bis/Photographs/Chipping_Sparrow_28563.jpg>.
♦"Chipping Sparrow." Wikipedia. Web. 26 Nov 2009. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/07/Chipping_Sparrow.jpg>.
♦"Chipping Sparrow." Midco. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://pie.midco.net/dougback/miscphotos/chipping_sparrow2x.jpg>.
♦"Tree Sparrow." 1000 Birds. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://www.1000birds.com/images/American-Tree-Sparrow39803.jpg>.
♦"Field Sparrow." Marie, Winn. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://www.mariewinn.com/marieblog/uploaded_images/field-sparrow-1-713194.jpg>.
♦"Chipping Sparrow Range Map." All About Birds. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/spiz_pass_AllAm_map.gif>.  
♦"Chipping Sparrow Series 10 CannonCam HD." YouTube. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVtnw1voC9A>.
♦"Wikipedia Common Grackle." Wikipedia. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chipping_Sparrow>.  
♦"Chipping Sparrow." Bird Web. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://birdweb.org/birdweb/bird_details.aspx?id=406>.
♦Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York: Harper and Row, 1981. 36, 192-193 Print.

9. Northern Mockingbird

♦"Northern Mockingbird." Bird Friends. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.bird-friends.com/pics/NorthernMockingbird/NorthernMockingbird0LR.jpg>.
♦"Mockingbird." Birds Lounge. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.birderslounge.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/06/mockingbird_edited-1-web.jpg>.  
♦"Loggerhead Shrike." Tringa. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.tringa.org/bird_pictures/6160_Loggerhead_Shrike_02-19-2007_6.jpg>.
♦"Northern Shrike." National Zoo. Web. 7 Dec 2009. <http://nationalzoo.si.edu/ConservationAndScience/MigratoryBirds/Featured_photo/Images/Bigpic/nshr1.jpg>.
♦"Northern Mockingbird Range." All About Birds. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/mimu_poly_AllAm_map.gif>.
♦"Northern Mockingbird Sings." YouTube. Web. Nov 11 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IZQZuQeHJGQ>.
♦"Dumb And Dumber Mockingbird Scene." Youtube. Web. 10 Nov 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5f_gbzo4Q0>.

10. Common Grackle

♦"Common Grackle." Bob Nature Photo. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.bobnaturephoto.com/gallery/d/5090-2/CommonGrackle13.jpg>.
♦"Common Grackle Yard." Bill Hubick. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://www.billhubick.com/images/common_grackle_yard_20070516_02.jpg>.
♦"Jeff Rusty." Boreal Birds. Web. 10 Nov 2009. <http://www.borealbirds.org/images/blog/jeff-rusty.jpg>.
♦"Brewers Blackbird." Migratory Bird Center. Web. 10 Nov 2009. <http://nationalzoo.si.edu/ConservationAndScience/MigratoryBirds/Featured_photo/Images/Bigpic/brbl1.jpg>.
♦"Common Grackle Range Map." All About Birds. Web. 13 Nov 2009. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/quis_quis_AllAm_map.gif>.
♦Common Grackle recording by Arthur A. Allen, LNS catalog number 12664.
♦"Wikipedia Common Grackle." Wikipedia. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Grackle>.  
♦Ransom, Jay Ellias. Complete Filed Guide To North American Wildlife. Eastern Edition. New York: Harper and Row, 1981. 42, 193-194. Print.

I would like to thank All About Birds, for the sound clips that you hear on my website! The original samples were recorded using a program called Audacity, and were edited and cut for my page. Using free web hosting didn't allow me access to a lot of web space, so I was limited with the sounds! Hence the cropping was needed!

I owe a big thanks to the Cornell Lab Of  Ornithology for helping me with the bird range maps.
http://www.birds.cornell.edu/

I would also like to thanks James Knott, for his wonderful work with the mini HD Documentaries!

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